News & Events
Wind Energy

The development of wind power in India began in the 1990’s, and has progressed steadily in the last few years. The short gestation periods for installing wind turbines, and the increasing reliability and performance of wind energy machines have made wind power a favoured choice for capacity addition in India.

The country’s total wind energy potential has been estimated at 45,000 MW. The wind energy sector has seen significant investments spurred by the development potential, availability of wind farm equipment at competitive prices, and conducive government policies. Currently, wind power accounts for around 70 percent of the installed generation capacity from renewable sources. Presently, India (15,700 MW) is in fifth position, following China (44,733 MW), the US (40,180 MW), Germany (27,215 MW) and Spain (20,676 MW). Wind power accounts for nearly 8 percent of India’s total installed power capacity.

Hydro Energy

In India, hydro power projects with station capacity of up to 25 MW fall under the category of small hydro power (SHP). The total installed capacity of small hydro power projects as on March 31, 2012, was 3200 MW. However, the estimated potential for power generation from such plants is over 15,000 MW. Most of the latent potential is in the Himalayan states - as river-based projects - and in the other states as irrigation canal-based projects. The SHP programme is largely private investment driven. Since the projects are economically viable, the private sector is keen on investing in SHP projects. The viability of these projects improves with increase in the project capacity.

Biomass Energy

India’s climatic conditions offer an ideal environment for biomass production. Biomass gasification is emerging as a method of power production that holds significant social and business benefits. In fact, bio-energy has remained critical to India’s energy mix, with a total installed capacity of 3000 MW. The total biomass & waste energy potential in India has been estimated at over 30,000 MW.

Solar Energy

Solar power has so far played an almost non-existent role in the Indian energy mix. The grid-connected capacity in the country now stands at 481.48 MW, while the total solar energy potential has been estimated at 50,000 MW. On the upside, the market is set to grow significantly in the next ten years, driven mainly by rising power demand, escalating fossil fuel prices, the ambitious National Solar Mission (NSM), various state level initiatives, renewable energy quotas (including solar energy quotas for utilities), as well as by falling international technology costs. India has great potential to generate electricity from solar energy and is on course to emerge as a solar energy hub. The techno-commercial potential of photovoltaics (PV) in India is enormous. With GDP growing in excess of 8 percent, the energy gap between supply and demand will only widen. Solar PV is a renewable energy resource capable of bridging this gap.